B-2. MAINTENANCE FUNCTIONS (CONT).
f. Calibrate To determine and cause corrections to be made or to be adjusted on instruments or test, measuring,
and diagnostic equipments used in precision measurement Consists of comparisons of two instruments, one of which is a
certified standard of known accuracy, to detect and adjust any discrepancy in the accuracy of the instrument being
g. Remove/Install. To remove and install the same item when required to perform service or other maintenance
functions. Install may be the act of emplacing, seating, or fixing into position a spare, repair part, or module (component
or assembly) in a manner to allow the proper functioning of an equipment or system.
h. Replace To remove an unserviceable item and install a serviceable counterpart in its place. "Replace" is
authorized by the MAC and assigned maintenance level is shown as the 3d position code of the SMR code.
i. Repair The application of maintenance services1 including fault location/troubleshooting2, removal/installation,
and disassembly/assembly3 procedures, and maintenance actions4 to restore serviceability to an item by correcting
specific damage, fault, malfunction, or failure m a part, subassembly, module (component or assembly), end item, or
j. Overhaul. That maintenance effort (service/action) prescribed to restore an item to a completely serviceable/
operational condition as required by maintenance standards m appropriate technical publications (i.e., DMWR).
Overhaul is normally the highest degree of maintenance performed by the Army. Overhaul does not normally return an
item to like new condition.
k. Rebuild Consists of those service/actions necessary for the restoration of unserviceable equipment to a like
new condition in accordance with original manufacturing standards. Rebuild is the highest degree of materiel
maintenance applied to Army equipment The rebuild operation includes the act of returning to zero those age
measurements (e.g. hours, miles) considered in classifying Army equipments/components.
B-3. EXPLANATION OF COLUMNS IN THE MAC, SECTION II.
a Column 1, Group Number. Column 1 lists functional group code numbers, the purpose of which is to identify
maintenance significant components, assemblies, subassemblies, and modules with the next higher assembly
b. Column 2, Component/Assembly. Column 2 contains the item names of components, assemblies,
subassemblies, and modules for which maintenance is authorized.
Services - Inspect, test, service, adjust, align, calibrate, and/or replace
Fault location/troubleshooting - The process of investigating and detecting the cause of equipment
malfunctioning, the act of isolating a fault within a system or unit under test (UUT).
Disassembly/assembly - The step-by-step breakdown (taking apart) of a spare/functional group coded item to the
level of its least component, that is assigned an SMR code for the level of maintenance under consideration (i.e.,
identified as maintenance significant).
Actions - Welding, grinding, riveting, straightening, facing, machining, and/or resurfacing.