CLEANING AND LAUNDERING
Machine/Hand Laundering. The parka and trousers are to be laundered in wash and wear setting/warm water
(120°F) with phosphate detergent when not restricted, rinse three times, wash darks separately. Dry the parka and
trousers by tumble drying at the permanent press setting (temperature not to exceed 90°F) or use a clothes rack, line, or
non-metal hanger to drip dry the item.
Do not use Chlorine bleach or starch. Discoloration and degradation of infrared
protection capacity of the material will result.
Field Laundering. The parka and trousers are to be laundered using formula II of FM 10-280. Dry the parka and
trousers by tumble drying at the permanent press setting (temperature not to exceed 90F). Do not press this item.
General. Prior to repair operations, each item shall be inspected by qualified personnel to determine the extent
of repair necessary. All repairs to the components of the parka and trousers will be accomplished at the direct support
level FM 10-16 will be used as a general guide.
(1) Preliminary Examination. Remove all dirt, mud, dust, spots, stains and other foreign matter with a brush
before examining the garment. Rotten items will be discarded. Seams will be tested by grasping the item with both
hands and pulling at right angles to the seams. Areas to be repaired shall be marked with crayons. Nonspecific and
personal marks shall be erased or obliterated.
(2) Rips and tears. Any rip or tear closer than ¾ inch to any seam will be repaired by sewing. Other rips, tears
or stress points (pockets) may be repaired by heat seal patches in all directions beyond the tear or other damage.
Patch size. The heat seal patch should be selected from commercial pre-cut patches such that, when
applied, it will extend approximately ¾ inch in all directions beyond the tear or other damage and will
have rounded corners. Pre-cut patches in several sizes may be used.
Patching procedure. When patching the parka by hand iron or automatic heat seal mending equip-
ment, place the garment area to be patched on an ironing board. Patches shall be applied to the inside
of the garment. The garment may be turned inside out or the patch may be inserted within the garment,
taking care that the patch is centered in the desired position. Trim all ravelled ends with scissors.
Smooth out the area to be patched so that the tear is closed or very near closed, and so that there will
be no wrinkles, folds, seams, or other protrustions under the iron when it is applied. Pre-warm the area
to be patched by pressing with a household electric dry iron or steam iron used in the dry mode. Set the
iron heat selector for cotton and apply the iron for five seconds or more (avoid scorching the fabric).
Immediately position the patch of the desired size and shape. Hold the iron on the patch for about
twelve seconds. Use no more than a slight rotating or reciprocal motion of the iron and apply constant
pressure. Remove the iron and allow the patched area to cool in place, about five seconds, or long
enough so that the patch will not lift off when the garment is removed from the ironing board. Patches
that are longer than the iron may be ironed in sections, starting at the center and completing each
section before proceeding to the next section. Overlapping of the iron upon a previously bonded
section is permissible. Carefully trim away any frayed protrusions at the torn edges. When available,
use automatic heat seal equipment in lieu of a hand iron.