material prevents contact of the weakest part of the barrels;
(3) Heavily loaded containers in a rigidly braced
namely, the bilge, with the car end wall and places contact
load must be segregated into multiple units in each end of the
above and below the bilge, where greater strength in the
car, to distribute the weight and pressure of the load against
barrel is present. It also provides two points of contact
the divisional and doorway area bracing. Each unit of each
instead of one.
(4) Fillers of not less than 1-inch thick material or
equivalent must be placed lengthwise of the car on top of the
(2) Load all barrels, tierces, and kegs on end.
floor layer when a second layer of containers is to be loaded.
Tight loading is absolutely necessary. Start the load against
Similar fillers must be used between subsequent layers (fig
the bilge protection, being sure to space the containers
46, 47, and 48). Crosswise end cleats must
properly across the car so that straight crosswise rows will be
ends of the filler boards to keep them in line. Bilge protection,
obtained. When loading by the rigid brace method, the
containers at each end of the first row across the car should
walls to protect the containers in each layer.
be placed in the corners of the car touching both the end wall
bilge protection and side walls with remaining containers in
(5) Bilge protection is not required when loading
this row to be equally spaced along the end wall. Nest the
metal drums. Drums should be loaded in nested crosswise
second crosswise row of containers in the valleys formed by
the containers in the first crosswise row and continue to load
alternate rows in this manner. See figure 44. As the bung
stave is the weakest stave in a barrel or keg, the containers
must be so loaded that the bung stave will not be in contact
with adjacent barrels, kegs, wall of car, or blocking members.
Figure 43. Application of bilge protection.
Figure 44. Nesting of crosswise rows.