Figure 60. Draping one end of car with steel straps for anchored load.
freight is caused by adjacent freight, which is, often of an
(e) Doorway areas should be stowed in a
entirely different size, density, and configuration, striking or
manner to prevent contact of freight with door or doorposts
crushing an item. In addition, the pressure points where two
through use of doorway protection, as shown in figures 72 and
items are in contact are often the weakest parts of the
containers. To compound these problems, excess lengthwise
(f) Pails, buckets, and small drums of
and crosswise void spaces often exist due to mixed sizes and
liquids or solids should be loaded to prevent shift against -
other lading by use of plywood separators.
(g) Articles with contaminating odor should
(2) The following recommendations are general
guidelines and should be followed whenever possible when
by these articles.
loading mixed cargo in box cars: (a) Evenly distribute the
(h) Lading should be loaded in such a
weight of the load from side-to-side and end-to-end of car and
manner so as to minimize the need for climbing over freight
to a uniform height of lading insofar as lading permits, as
that is likely to become damaged by weight of stowers.
(i) To be able to block and brace properly,
each loading terminal must have sufficient and suitable
(b) Freight should be stowed in the position
lumber, plywood sheets, strapping, and fiberboard sheets.
and on the surface offering the greatest protection, but still
(j) The use of bulkheads to divide the
keeping due regard for the weight and character of the
lading into three sections is the ideal method for securing
packages assembled in building up the load. Heavier lading
should be placed in the lower layer and lighter lading in the
(k) Before car is closed, the lading must be
leveled off or braced.
(c) All spaces to the required height of the
(l) The loading supervisor should insure
load should be stowed snugly, fitting packages together to
proper marking of freight for designated car; freight is loaded
obtain good stowing.
into correct car; lading count is accurate and markings on
(d) Freight with narrow bases should be
freight are proper and legible; proper stowing and handling of
loaded lengthwise of the car, as shown in figure 71.
freight from dock to cars; freight is adequately