of a cross brace, the upper and lower pieces usually being
Spreaders-The horizontal pieces of wood in a center gate
short and the centerpiece being considerably longer to provide
placed lengthwise of the car to spread and brace the two
for proper nailing to car walls.
sections of the center gate. (Spreaders may be designated by
layers and rows, the same as containers.) Steel Strapping-A
Side Bracing-Bracing material used to prevent crosswise
general term for material used to unitize or secure loads.
movement of lading in car.
Steel straps are high-tension and may be flat, round, or oval.
Snubbing Devices-Anti-skid plates, lag screws, or controlling
T Brace-A cross brace including a buffer strip that provides a
plates used to retard the movement of a controlled floating
wide contact surface against the load with a heavier piece
nailed thereto at right angles in the form of a T.
Space Fillers-Those structures or material used to fill
Top or Hold-Down Bracing-Bracing material placed across the
lengthwise space in the car not occupied by the load. They
top of the load to hold load down against the car floor.
are designated according to type as end gates, center gates,
divisional gates, intermediate gates, wedges, or pneumatic